Poland for a foreigner: business registration in 2023
Company registration in Poland in 2023 is available to both polish and non-polish citizens. The easiest way to open a company is for residents of countries that are part of the EU or EEA, while citizens of other countries need to collect a huge number of certificates.
Who can open a business in Poland
Non-resident can open a business in Poland, if they meet certain requirements. What exactly depends on the country of which he is a resident. For example, if a Czech wants to move here and open a notary's office, he cannot do it without Polish citizenship and proof of qualifications.
For EU, EEA citizens
Citizens of EU and EEA can open a sole proprietorship, a branch office or a partnership, provide cross-border services without problems. If they have a company in another EU/EEA country, they do not have to register their business in Poland.
For Swiss and US citizens
US or Swiss citizens can set up a sole proprietorship, a branch, a representative office or register a company from scratch. The limitation is that they cannot provide cross-border services.
For residents of other countries
Residents of third countries can form any form of legal entity in Poland if they have any of the following
- A residence permit issued to an entrepreneur on the basis of a CEIDG entry;
- Residence permit issued in connection with a family connection or study;
- Residence permit of a long-term resident of the EU;
- Refugee status;
- Additional protection;
- Temporary protection;
- Residence permit for humanitarian reasons;
- Residence permit and marriage to a Polish citizen who resides here;
- A valid card of a Pole;
- Spouse, child, dependant, parent who is an EU citizen.
If a foreigner does not meet any of the requirements, he cannot open a sole proprietorship, a general partnership or a partnership. But he can form:
- Limited Partnership;
- Limited Joint-Stock Partnership;
- Branch Office.
Any non-resident may join existing companies by purchasing their shares. The exception is a business that deals with real estate. In this case, it is first necessary to take a special permit from the Ministry of Interior and Administration.
How to open a business in Poland
Opening a company in Poland in 2023 consists of these steps:
- Determining the type of economic activity in order to select the PCD codes (no more than 10).
- Submitting an online application for company registration (form CEiDG-1) to the Central Register of Information on Business Activities. You can do this only if you have a residence permit or a permanent residence permit. Entrepreneurs who establish a limited liability partnership or a limited liability company make an entry in the National Court Register.
- Obtaining NIP (Personal Identification Number) and REGON numbers after registering a business. It is also necessary to choose the form of accounting and taxation at once - tax on general conditions, a lump sum on registered income or a flat rate.
- Submission of a declaration to the ZUS (Social Insurance Institution). Entrepreneurs who are just starting their business can take advantage of the contribution payment benefits.
- Opening an account at a local bank, which must be notified to the tax office and ZUS by updating the CEIDG application.
How to set up a company in Poland quickly
Contact IT-OFFSHORE to register a company in Poland in 2023 without any problems.